Smart v Her Majesty's Advocate 1975 JC 30 was a Scottish criminal case decided by the High Court of Justiciary, which on appeal held that it was not a defence to a criminal charge of assault that the injuries had been caused in the course of a consensual fight. This is known as the 'Square Go' case, a local term for a fight, in that those involved had agreed to a 'square go' outside the pub where they were drinking.

The court held:

"it is in the public interest that it should be decided and made known that consent to a 'square go' is not a defence to a charge of assault based on that agreed combat."

The situation was different from indecent acts or injuries caused in the course of organised sports, such as boxing.

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