The Scottish court in the Netherlands was the special High Court of Justiciary set up under Scots law in a disused United States Air Force base called Camp Zeist in Utrecht, in the Netherlands, for the trial of two Libyans charged with 270 counts of murder in connection with the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, on December 21, 1988.[1][2]


[hide]*1 Neutral country


Neutral country

The court was established in a neutral country as part of a deal between Colonel Muammar Gaddafi of Libya and the British government, before Gaddafi would allow the extradition of the two accused.


Special jurisdiction on territory

Under a bilateral treaty[3] between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, the premises of the court were, for the duration of the trial and any subsequentappeal, under the authority and control of the court. Dumfries and Galloway Police, who were responsible for policing traffic movements within the compound, effected a clause which required drivers to comply with the Continental European practice of driving on the right. Dutch law still theoretically applied to the area, but, barring an emergency, the Dutch authorities were banned from entering the premises and the Court had the authority to enact regulations that superseded Dutch law when necessary for the execution of the trial,[4] and to jail people for contempt of court.[2][5] The court itself, as well as people involved in the trial (officials of the court, accused, witnesses, solicitors, etc.) also enjoyed total or partial immunity from Dutch law.[6]



The court convicted Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi of murder on January 31, 2001. The second accused, Lamin Khalifah Fhimah, was acquitted. Megrahi's appeal was also held at the court (the High Court of Justiciary is the highest court of appeal in the Scottish criminal justice system), and was rejected on March 14, 2002. The site was then decommissioned and returned to the Dutch government. Megrahi served his sentence at Greenock prison in Inverclyde.

From September 2003, Megrahi's conviction was under review by the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission, which reported its findings on June 28, 2007 and granted Megrahi leave for a second appeal against conviction.

Megrahi was released from HMP Greenock on compassionate grounds by the Scottish justice minister (Kenny MacAskill) on August 20, 2009, where he was returned to Libya to die.


See also

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  1. ^ "Uncertain future for Camp Zeist". BBC News. 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2009-09-03. "The former military base at Camp Zeist in Holland has been under Scottish jurisdiction for more than three years. The base was converted into a prison and a courtroom to provide the venue for the Lockerbie trial - the largest and most expensive ever conducted under Scots law."
  2. ^ a b Statutory Instrument 1998 No. 2251 The High Court of Justiciary (Proceedings in the Netherlands) (United Nations) Order 1998
  3. ^ Treaty concerning the trial (page 99)
  4. ^ articles 5 and 6
  5. ^ article 3 (3) d
  6. ^ articles 8-10, 14-17